Scientists List Their Top 40 Most Nutritious Foods

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32. WHITING – 90kcal – $0.60 per 100g

Various species of the fish Merlangius merlangus are related to cod. Also known as merling, it’s an important food fish in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean and the northern Mediterranean, western Baltic, and Black Sea.

SCORE: 61

31. KALE (v) 49kcal – $0.62 per 100g

A leafy salad plant that can have green or purple leaves, and the central leaves do not form a head, as with headed cabbage. It is rich in the minerals phosphorous, iron and calcium, and vitamins such as A and C.

SCORE: 62

30. BROCCOLI RAAB (v) 22kcal – $0.66 per 100g

Not to be confused with broccoli and also referred to as Rapini. It has thinner stems and smaller flowers, is related to turnips and has a slightly bitter taste, and is particularly associated with Mediterranean cuisine.

SCORE: 62

29. CHILI PEPPERS (v) 324kcal – $1.20 per 100g

The pungent fruits of the Capsicum plant are widely used in many cuisines as a spice to add heat to dishes. They are rich in capsaicinoid, carotenoid and ascorbic acid antioxidants and require a handy glass of something cold to drink.

SCORE: 62

28. CLAMS – 86kcal – $1.78 per 100g

Famous through the US for clam chowder, clams casino, Clam cakes and stuffies, these are lean, protein-rich shellfish. Often eaten lightly cooked, however make sure you cook them properly or you could get yourself a bout of food poisoning.

SCORE: 62

27. COLLARDS (v) 32kcal – $0.74 per 100g

Another salad leaf belonging to the Brassica genus of plants. A headless cabbage closely related to kale and the same species as many common vegetables, including cabbage (Capitata Group) and broccoli (Botrytis Group).

SCORE: 63

26. BASIL (v) 23kcal – $2.31 per 100g

Although native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia, this spicy, sweet herb is traditionally used to protect the heart and is considered to be an antifungal and antibacterial.

SCORE: 63

25. CHILI POWDER (v) 282kcal – $5.63 per 100g

A pulverized fruit of one or more varieties of chili pepper and a source of phytochemicals such as vitamin C, E and A, as well as phenolic compounds and carotenoids.

SCORE: 63

 

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